Plants require constant attention in order to grow healthy and strong. To create the ideal conditions, they must be watered the right amount, the soil must be tended to, and you must chose the appropriate size vase. In addition, the excess water shouldn’t stay in the vase. For this reason, we have created a useful guide on how to drain water from your potted plants correctly.
Draining in Order to Allow the paints to receive oxygen
The word “drain” literally means to let water flow. In this guide we will explain why it is a vital process for plants. In order for every cell to receive nutrients and to allow for photosynthesis to occur, plants require water. Oxygen as well, plays an important part. In fact, the roots of plants function to absorb groundwater from the soil, but for that to happen, they need oxygen. For this reason, if the plant is overwatered or underwatered, the aeration would be compromised and oxygen would be unable to travel to the roots. Because of this precarious balance, the relationship between water and air are the basis for understanding how to properly drain your plants and assure that the roots of your plant don’t rot.
The 3 Elements for Perfect Drainage
- Soil and
- Appropriate amount of water
Choosing the Right Vase
Now that you are aware of the importance of the exchange of oxygen to regulate plant growth, the material from which the vase is made is also very important. Terracotta, opposed to plastic, is a natural material that helps you take care of your plants. Its porous composition facilitates the evaporation of water, which is very useful when plants receive an excess of water. Another useful thing about terracotta pots are the drainage holes at the bottom which also help avoid the accumulation of water and in turn the rotting of the plant’s roots.
Better a big vase or a small vase? The last thing to keep in mind when choosing a pot for healthy drainage is the size. In order to do so we have to consider the space that the plant will need to grow. We don’t want to overestimate the space, as this could result in the below-ground growth being greater than the plant itself to its detriment. On the other hand, little space would block nutrition from the plant. Remember that a perfect size doesn’t exist, so choose the size that feels most appropriate for your plant. You can choose a vase from our wide selection of sizes on our online shop.
Which Soil Should I Use for Proper Drainage
Once you have chosen your vase with the correct dimensions, we have to consider the composition of the potting soil. Apart from earth, there are additives in soils you buy like clay and gravel which aid in drainage by creating pores. The pores influence the draining system by determining the velocity at which the water passes through the soil and can be absorbed by the plant. When the soil is porous, there is a healthy balance between air and water retention. Just like the vase, there is no perfect amount of draining agents to add to your soil. Keep in mind that different species of plant can require different ratios of clay to earth, and the additives can fill up to 50% of the soil composition.
An Adequate Irrigation
The amount of water used when watering plants is the trickiest part of taking care of your plant. Every plant has its own necessities, but there are some guidelines to water them properly.
- Poke the soil, if it’s dry you can be sure that your plant needs watering.
- Place your vase on a saucer, or a piece of wood.
- Wet the surface of the soil evenly until the needed water is absorbed.
- Check that the drainage holes of your vase are not obstructed in order to avoid the blockage of water and in turn the suffocation of the plant’s
- Empty the saucer after 10 minutes.
With these instructions you will be able to create the perfect drainage which will allow your plats to grow healthy and lush.